Do White Law Enforcement Officers Target Minority Suspects?

Listed in Datasets

By Charles Menifield1, Geiguen Shin1, Logan Strother2

1. Rutgers University 2. Purdue University

Replication materials for Menifield, Shin, and Strother's PAR article "Do White Law Enforcement Officers Target Minority Suspects?"

Version 1.0 - published on 30 Aug 2018 doi:10.4231/R70G3HCR - cite this Archived on 08 Oct 2018

Licensed under CC0 1.0 Universal


The debate over possible bias in the use of deadly force has recently been exacerbated by highly publicized killings of African American males around the country. While much research has been conducted examining police behavior, little has been done to investigate the impact of race on police behavior. This article aims to answer this question: are white police officers more likely to use lethal force on minority suspects or people of a specific race? To answer this question, the authors construct a data set of all confirmed uses of lethal force by police officers in the United States in 2014 and 2015. They find that although minority suspects are disproportionately killed by police, white officers appear to be no more likely to use lethal force against minorities than nonwhite officers.

Menifield, C. E., Shin, G. and Strother, L. (2018), Do White Law Enforcement Officers Target Minority Suspects?. Public Admin Rev. doi:10.1111/puar.12956

Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:


The Purdue University Research Repository (PURR) is a university core research facility provided by the Purdue University Libraries and the Office of the Executive Vice President for Research and Partnerships, with support from additional campus partners.