Likely Extent of Agricultural Drainage in the U.S. Midwest

Listed in Datasets

By Jane Frankenberger1, Benjamin Reinhart1, Ben Hancock1

Purdue University, Agricultural and Biological Engineering

This dataset provides 30 m resolution raster layers of the likely extent of drained agricultural lands in the U.S. Midwest based on soil and land use, and a file geodatabase with tables summarizing the extent by state, county, and HUC8 watershed...

Version 1.0 - published on 11 Mar 2022 doi:10.4231/NJTE-FA88 - cite this Archived on 15 Apr 2022

Licensed under Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)

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This dataset identifies agricultural areas that are likely to have been drained for crop production, usually through subsurface tile drainage, in the Midwestern United States. These areas were identified based on the natural drainage condition of the soil, using the 2018 gSSURGO data from the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Only agricultural land is included, based on the 2011 National Land Cover Database. Very poorly to poorly drained soils are assumed to have at least some form of artificial drainage installed to support agricultural land use, and therefore classified as "likely to be drained". Somewhat poorly drained soils are classified as "potentially drained", as these soils are often included whenever drainage improvements or upgrades are made in the field. Moderately well drained to excessively drained soils are classified as "unlikely to be drained" as these soils are not likely to suffer from excess soil water conditions, and therefore not likely to be artificially drained. Field assessment is needed when determining the actual drained conditions of a particular area of interest. Maps are also available online at

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A copy of all input files, output files, and a description of processing steps completed to generate this dataset can be found at Map layers may also be accessed as a REST service at

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