The RCSP survey team investigated the Charadros Region during the 2003-2004 field seasons, employing close-interval flag survey and “prospective” survey techniques. The team’s attention was drawn to this remote, mountainous region by the interest of the geological team, which was attempting to locate highland areas of old growth cedar forest close to the sea, and associated lowland areas of alluvial deposition. Ascending to the crest of Gurcam Karatepe Mountain, the team encountered the remains of a Roman era “lumbering camp” at 1600m elevation (RC 0305). On a bench below the mountain the team encountered the remains of a village settlement (RC 0306, Taşlı Seki). This site sits above the Karasın river basin that descends to the Kaledran River, above the mouth of which sits the ancient acropolis of Charadros (urban site, RC 0401). A third century AD inscription found near the ancient harbor of Charadros indicates that it served as the maritime depot to the Lamotis, that is, the regional territory of Lamos. Patches of ancient roads encountered by the team indicate a likely road network between Charadros and Lamos. Accordingly, the team conducted close-interval flag survey on the acropolis of Charadros in 2004, while the geological team excavated pollen trenches in the river basin below. The investigation of the region was limited by the need of the pedestrian team to work in close proximity to the geology team, as well as by the prohibitive terrain of the Kaledran river basin, where tall mountains descend to the shore, closing off access to remote interior highland basins. While pollen trench excavations were underway, the team conducted minimal prospective survey in the immediate vicinity, encountering a monumental village with possible temple remains at Hisar Asarı (RC 0405), but otherwise finding small isolated remains (RC 0402-0404, 0414). Later, the team was directed by Turkish forestry officials to a Roman era fortress (RC 0409, Frengez Kale), and a monumental village (RC 0410, Gökcebelen Kale) along the upper reaches of the Karasın tributary. In 2005, the RCSP underwater survey team encountered amphora remains, including an intact Günsenin Type 1 amphora, in waters near the Charadros harbor.
Cite this work
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
- Kızılarslanoğlu, H. A., Dillon, M., Rauh, N. K., Pejša, S. (2019). RCSP Ceramics Collections in the Charadros Region, 2003-2011. Purdue University Research Repository. doi:10.4231/1F3A-5K70
Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey Project
This publication belongs to the Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey Project group.