Foucault: Lecture 10, 14 January 1986

Listed in Datasets publication by group The Deleuze Seminars

By Gilles Deleuze

Lecture given by French philosopher Gilles Deleuze at the University of Paris 8, 14 January 1986. This is lecture 10 of a 25-lecture seminar Deleuze taught between October 1985 and May 1986.

Version 1.0 - published on 27 Mar 2018 doi:10.4231/R72V2DB3 - cite this Archived on 27 Apr 2018

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Description

The Deleuze Seminars is a collection of audio recordings, transcriptions, and English translations of, and supplemental materials from, the lectures French philosopher Gilles Deleuze gave during his career at the University of Paris 8.

"Foucault" was a 25-lecture seminar given from October 1985 to May 1986. In these lectures, Deleuze offers his interpretation and analysis of French philosopher Michel Foucault's work. Examining the theoretical foundations and major themes of Foucault's philosophy, Deleuze dedicates several lectures to each of what he calls the "three axes" of Foucault's thought. This seminar coincides with the publication of Deleuze's book Foucault (1986).

In the 14 January 1986 lecture, topics of discussion include: the relations and microphysics of power; the postulates that run through all of the theories of power: 1) membership (appartenance) and class property, 2) the localization of power in the State apparatus, 3) subordination and infrastructure, 4) essence or attribute, dominant-dominated, and 5) modality, violence and ideology; the difference in nature between macro and microphysics; the law, illegalisms, the social field, and the French Revolution; illegalisms, the law and its interpretation, and jurisprudence; power as the relations of forces; that the essence of power is these relations, rather than a form or the relations of forms, whereas knowledge (le savoir) is the relations of forms; that there is no singular force, rather a force is always subject to another force, already a multiplicity; Greek atomism, the declination of the atom and the oblique; the philosophy of force, Nietzsche, German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, and desire (le vouloir); compound forces (les forces composeés) in space-time; the receptivity and spontaneity of a force; force and affect; that the material of force is the power of the force to be affected, and its function is the power to affect other forces; knowledge, power and categories; that power is the physics of any action; that the diagram is power; the three definitions of the diagram: 1) the exposition of a relation of forces, 2) the distribution of the power to affect and to be affected, and 3) the admixture (le brassage) of non-formed materials and non-formalized functions; the archive, strata, and diagram and strategy; Melville's novel Pierre; or, The Ambiguities; the Outside (le dehors) of the strata; and disciplinary societies and diagrams of power.

This dataset includes: four mp3 recordings of the lecture (total time, 2:49:35), an aggregate version of the audio recordings into a single mp3, and the complete French transcription of the recorded lecture in both pdf (32 pp) and plain text.

Note: The aggregate audio file has been downsampled.

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Les Séminaires de Deleuze sont une collection d'enregistrements audio, de transcriptions et de traductions en anglais et de documents complémentaires des conférences que le philosophe français Gilles Deleuze a donné lors de sa carrière à l'Université de Paris 8.

«Foucault» était un séminaire de 25 conférences donné d'octobre 1985 à mai 1986. Dans ces conférences, Deleuze offre son interprétation et son analyse de l’œuvre du philosophe français Michel Foucault. En examinant les fondements théoriques et les thèmes majeurs de la philosophie de Foucault, Deleuze consacre plusieurs conférences à chacun de ce qu'il appelle les «trois axes» de la pensée de Foucault. Ce séminaire coïncide avec la publication du livre de Deleuze Foucault (1986).

Dans la conférence du 14 janvier 1986, les sujets de discussion comprennent: les rapports et la microphysique du pouvoir; les postulats qui parcourent l’ensemble des théories du pouvoir: 1) l'appartenance et la propriété de classe, 2) la localisation du pouvoir dans l'appareil d'État, 3) la subordination et l'infrastructure, 4) l'essence ou l'attribut, dominant-dominé, et 5) la modalité, la violence et l'idéologie; la différence de nature entre macro et microphysique; la loi, les illégalismes, le champ social et la Révolution française; les illégalismes, la loi et son interprétation, et la jurisprudence; le pouvoir comme les rapports des forces; que l'essence du pouvoir est ces rapports, plutôt qu'une forme ou les relations des formes, alors que le savoir est le rapport des formes; qu'il n'y a pas de force au singulier, plutôt qu'une force est toujours a pour sujet une autre force, déjà une multiplicité; l'atomisme grec, la déclinaison de l'atome et l'oblique; la philosophie de la force, Nietzsche, le philosophe allemand Arthur Schopenhauer, et le vouloir; les forces composées dans l'espace-temps; la réceptivité et la spontanéité d'une force; la force et l’affect; que la matière de la force est le pouvoir de la force d’être affectée, et sa fonction est le pouvoir d'affecter d’autres forces; le savoir, le pouvoir et les catégories; ce pouvoir est la physique de l’action quelconque; que le diagramme est pouvoir; les trois définitions du diagramme: 1) l'exposition d'un rapport de forces, 2) la répartition du pouvoir d’affecter ou d’être affecté, et 3) le brassage de matiéres non formées et de fonctions non formalisées; l'archive, les strates, le diagramme et la stratégie; le roman de Melville Pierre ou les Ambiguïtés; le dehors des strates; et les sociétés disciplinaires et les diagrammes de pouvoir.

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Notes

This research has been generously supported through a grant from the College of Liberal Arts, Purdue University.

The translations of Deleuze’s “Foucault” seminars have been made possible by a Scholarly Editions and Translations grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities. This research has also been generously supported through a grant from the College of Liberal Arts, Purdue University.

The description of this dataset is based on the meticulous work of Frédéric Astier, whose Les cours enregistrés de Gilles Deleuze, 1979-1987 has catalogued Deleuze’s seminars for those years.

Special thanks to the family of Gilles Deleuze, the University of Paris 8, and the Bibliothèque nationale de France for permission to reproduce the material published here.

The Deleuze Seminars

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