Foucault: Lecture 8, 17 December 1985

Listed in Datasets publication by group The Deleuze Seminars

By Gilles Deleuze

Lecture given by French philosopher Gilles Deleuze at the University of Paris 8, 17 December 1985. This is lecture 8 of a 25-lecture seminar Deleuze taught between October 1985 and May 1986.

Version 1.0 - published on 02 Mar 2018 doi:10.4231/R7XD0ZWD - cite this Archived on 02 Apr 2018

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The Deleuze Seminars is a collection of audio recordings, transcriptions, and English translations of, and supplemental materials from, the lectures French philosopher Gilles Deleuze gave during his career at the University of Paris 8.

"Foucault" was a 25-lecture seminar given from October 1985 to May 1986. In these lectures, Deleuze offers his interpretation and analysis of French philosopher Michel Foucault's work. Examining the theoretical foundations and major themes of Foucault's philosophy, Deleuze dedicates several lectures to each of what he calls the "three axes" of Foucault's thought. This seminar coincides with the publication of Deleuze's book Foucault (1986).

In the 17 December 1985 lecture, topics of discussion include: Foucault's The Archeology of Knowledge; the statement and its double; the statement as the double of something that is strangely similar and almost identical to it: "AZERT"; the copy; rules of the statement and singularities; discourse and singularities; mathematics and singular points; regular lines (lignes de réguliers) and the idea of ​​a series; the statement as a regularity, a series, the emission of singularities; power and relations of forces; knowledge (le savoir) as an integration of relations of forces; philosophy, mathematics and singularities; Mallarmé's poem “A Throw of the Dice Will Never Abolish Chance” (“Un Coup de Dés Jamais N'Abolira Le Hasard”), chance and singular points, singularities of thought and concepts, and the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche; the social field and the relations of forces; chance as a relation of forces; pastoral and royal power; the individualization of subjects; the actualization of these individualizations by institutions, and pastoral knowledge in general; Foucault's historical series, durations, and French historian Fernand Braudel; the concept of event and social mutations; the Markov chain; light as the integration of singular points; the verbal series and the luminous series; light in Velázquez's Las Meninas; Roussel; the interlacing of the visible and the statable (l'énonçable); the informal dimension of the relations of forces between the visible and the statable; Foucault and Blanchot, the neuter pronoun (le on) opposing the person, the singular opposing the universal, and the multiple opposing the same; and the knowledge-power system.

This dataset includes: four mp3 recordings of the lecture (total time, 2:11:09), an aggregate version of the audio recordings into a single mp3, and the complete French transcription of the recorded lecture in both pdf (23 pp) and plain text.

Note: The part 2 audio file plays through stereo channel only. This coincides with the (approx.) 34:27 - 1:21:10 marks of the complete audio file.


Les Séminaires de Deleuze sont une collection d'enregistrements audio, de transcriptions et de traductions en anglais et de documents complémentaires des conférences que le philosophe français Gilles Deleuze a donné lors de sa carrière à l'Université de Paris 8.

«Foucault» était un séminaire de 25 conférences donné d'octobre 1985 à mai 1986. Dans ces conférences, Deleuze offre son interprétation et son analyse de l’œuvre du philosophe français Michel Foucault. En examinant les fondements théoriques et les thèmes majeurs de la philosophie de Foucault, Deleuze consacre plusieurs conférences à chacun de ce qu'il appelle les «trois axes» de la pensée de Foucault. Ce séminaire coïncide avec la publication du livre de Deleuze Foucault (1986).

Dans la conférence du 17 décembre 1985, les sujets de discussion comprennent: L'archéologie du savoir de Foucault; l'énoncé et son double; l'énoncé comme le double de quelque chose qui lui est étrangement sembable et quasi identique: AZERT; la copie; règles de l'énoncé et singularités; discours et singularités; mathématiques et points singuliers; les lignes de réguliers et l'idée de séries; l'énoncé comme une régularité, une série, l'émission de singularités; le pouvoir et les rapports de forces; le savoir comme une intégration des rapports de forces; philosophie, mathématiques et singularités; le poème de Mallarmé Un Coup de Dés Jamais N'Abolira Le Hasard, le hasard et les points singuliers, les singularités de la pensée et des concepts, et le philosophe allemand Friedrich Nietzsche; le champ social et les rapports de forces; le hasard comme un rapport de forces; le pouvoir pastoral et royal; l'individualisation des sujets; l'actualisation de ces individualisations par les institutions, et le savoir pastoral en général; les séries historiques de Foucault, les durées, et l'historien français Fernand Braudel; la notion d'événement et les mutations sociales; la chaîne de Markov; la lumière comme l'intégration des points singuliers; la séries verbales et la séries lumineuses; la lumière dans Les Ménines de Velasquez; Roussel; l'entrelacement du visible et de l'énonçable; la dimension informelle des relations des rapports de forces entre le visible et l'énonçable; Foucault et Blanchot, le neutre ou le on s’opposant à la personne, le singulier s'opposant à l'universel, et le multiple s'opposant au même; et le système du savoir-pouvoir.

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This research has been generously supported through a grant from the College of Liberal Arts, Purdue University.

The translations of Deleuze’s “Foucault” seminars have been made possible by a Scholarly Editions and Translations grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities. This research has also been generously supported through a grant from the College of Liberal Arts, Purdue University.

The description of this dataset is based on the meticulous work of Frédéric Astier, whose Les cours enregistrés de Gilles Deleuze, 1979-1987 has catalogued Deleuze’s seminars for those years.

Special thanks to the family of Gilles Deleuze and the University of Paris 8 for permission to reproduce the material published here.

The Deleuze Seminars

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