Foucault: Lecture 6, 26 November 1985

Listed in Datasets publication by group The Deleuze Seminars

By Gilles Deleuze

Lecture given by French philosopher Gilles Deleuze at the University of Paris 8, 26 November 1985. This is lecture 6 of a 25-lecture seminar Deleuze taught between October 1985 and May 1986.

Version 1.0 - published on 26 Feb 2018 doi:10.4231/R7TM78BR - cite this Archived on 26 Mar 2018

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The Deleuze Seminars is a collection of audio recordings, transcriptions, and English translations of, and supplemental materials from, the lectures French philosopher Gilles Deleuze gave during his career at the University of Paris 8.

"Foucault" was a 25-lecture seminar given from October 1985 to May 1986. In these lectures, Deleuze offers his interpretation and analysis of French philosopher Michel Foucault's work. Examining the theoretical foundations and major themes of Foucault's philosophy, Deleuze dedicates several lectures to each of what he calls the "three axes" of Foucault's thought. This seminar coincides with the publication of Deleuze's book Foucault (1986).

In the 26 November 1985 lecture, topics of discussion include: knowledge (le savoir) as interlacing, and the heterogeneity of the visible and of the statable (l'énonҫable); the non-relationship of the visible and the statable as shown in Foucault humorously, logically, and historically; the concept of delinquency, the prison, the delinquency-object, and delinquency-illegality; the non-isomorphism between the visible and the statable; the primacy of the statement as determinant; the mutual capture between the visible and the statable; French philosopher René Descartes and the cogito; Kant, the cogito, receptivity, spontaneity and the schema of the imagination; the schema as a determination of space and time, in accordance with a concept, thus enabling the construction of the object; the classical conception of death; French anatomist and pathologist Marie François Xavier Bichat and the determination of life, the coextension of death to life, and death as no longer indivisible (insécable) but disseminated, multiple and partial; Blanchot and The Infinite Conversation; the image without resemblance; the view, the visible from a distance, and the dream; Blanchot and Foucault; and the cinema and the distribution of audio and of the visual. In the second part of the lecture, Deleuze discusses the fundamental heterogeneity of the visible and the statable in terms of confrontations with: 1) Kant, and the two faculties: receptivity (visibility) and spontaneity (the statement); 2) Blanchot and the idea that "to speak (parler) is not to see (voir)"; 3) the cinema, and the gap (faille) between audio and the visual, between the visible and speech, with consideration of  the French writer and filmmaker Marguerite Duras, the German director Hans-Jürgen Syberberg, and the French filmmaker Jean-Marie Straub; and 4) the work of Roussel.

This dataset includes: four mp3 recordings of the lecture (total time, 2:31:50), an aggregate version of the audio recordings into a single mp3, and the complete French transcription of the recorded lecture in both pdf (28 pp) and plain text.


Les Séminaires de Deleuze sont une collection d'enregistrements audio, de transcriptions et de traductions en anglais et de documents complémentaires des conférences que le philosophe français Gilles Deleuze a donné lors de sa carrière à l'Université de Paris 8.

«Foucault» était un séminaire de 25 conférences donné d'octobre 1985 à mai 1986. Dans ces conférences, Deleuze offre son interprétation et son analyse de l’œuvre du philosophe français Michel Foucault. En examinant les fondements théoriques et les thèmes majeurs de la philosophie de Foucault, Deleuze consacre plusieurs conférences à chacun de ce qu'il appelle les «trois axes» de la pensée de Foucault. Ce séminaire coïncide avec la publication du livre de Deleuze Foucault (1986).

Dans la conférence du 26 novembre 1985, les sujets de discussion comprennent: le savoir comme entrelacement, et l'hétérogénéité du visible et de l'énonҫable; le non rapport du visible et de l'énonҫable, comme ces montré chez Foucault avec humouristiquement, logiquement et historiquement; la notion de délinquance, la prison, la délinquance-objet, et la délinquance-illégalisme; le non isomorphisme entre le visible et l'énonҫable; le primat de l'énoncé comme déterminant; la capture mutuelle entre le visible et l'énonҫable; le philosophe français René Descartes et le cogito; Kant, le cogito, la réceptivité, la spontanéité et le schéme de l'imagination; le schéme comme détermination de l'espace et du temps, conformément à un concept, permettant ainsi la construction de l'objet; la conception classique de la mort; l'anatomiste et pathologiste français Marie François Xavier Bichat et la détermination de la vie, la coextension de la mort à la vie, et la mort comme n'étant plus insécable mais disséminée, multiple et partielle; Blanchot et son L'entretien infini; l'image sans ressemblance; la vue, le visible à distance et le rêve; Blanchot et Foucault; et le cinéma et la distribution de l'audio et du visuel. Dans la deuxième partie de la conférence, Deleuze discute de l'hétérogénéité fondamentale du visible et de l'énonҫable en termes de confrontations avec: 1) Kant, et les deux facultés: réceptivité (visibilité) et spontanéité (l'énoncé); 2) Blanchot et l'idée que parler ce n'est pas voir; 3) le cinéma, et le faille entre l'audio et le visuel, entre le visible et la parole, avec considération de l'écrivain et cinéaste français Marguerite Duras, du réalisateur allemand Hans-Jürgen Syberberg et du cinéaste français Jean-Marie Straub; et 4) l’œuvre de Roussel.

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This research has been generously supported through a grant from the College of Liberal Arts, Purdue University.

The translations of Deleuze’s “Foucault” seminars have been made possible by a Scholarly Editions and Translations grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities. This research has also been generously supported through a grant from the College of Liberal Arts, Purdue University.

The description of this dataset is based on the meticulous work of Frédéric Astier, whose Les cours enregistrés de Gilles Deleuze, 1979-1987 has catalogued Deleuze’s seminars for those years.

Special thanks to the family of Gilles Deleuze and the University of Paris 8 for permission to reproduce the material published here.

The Deleuze Seminars

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