Purdue Agronomy Farm Soybean Cultural Practices (801804)

Listed in Datasets

By Craig S. T. Daughtry

Purdue University

The objectives of this experiment are to determine the threshold of early season spectral detection of soybeans, the spectral response of soybeans as a function of growth and amount of vegetation, and the effect of soil background difference.

Additional materials available

Version 1.0 - published on 06 Apr 2015 doi:10.4231/R7M906KF - cite this Archived on 25 Oct 2016

Licensed under CC0 1.0 Universal

Description

1980 is the second year for this experiment, (see 791804). The objectives of this experiment are to determine (1) the threshold of early season spectral detection of soybeans, (2) the spectral response of soybeans as a function of growth and amount of vegetation, and (3) the effect of soil background differences, particularly soil color, on the spectral response and early detection of soybeans. The treatments were as follows:

  • 7 Planting Dates (May 16, 27, June 12, 18, July 7, 16 and 30)
  • 2 Row Spacings (25 and 75 cm)
  • 2 Cultivars (Amsoy, narrow canopy type and Williams, bushy type)
  • 2 Soil Types (Chalmers, darker and Toronto, lighter)

A split plot design with two replications was used. Spectral measurements, along with agronomic characterizations of the canopyies and surface soil, were made at approximately weekly intervals throughout the growing season.

The spectral reflectance measurements were made with a Landsat band radiometer (Exotech 100). Radiant temperatures and overhead color photographs of the canopies were obtained simultaneously with the reflectance measurements.

The major agronomic measurements of the plots included growth stage, percent soil cover, height, leaf area index, biomass, and surface soil moisture and condition. Grain yields were measured at harvest time.

Identification Record Codes

1. Level of Factor Codes

See document Level of Factor Codes (level_factor_codes_801804.txt) under the Supporting docs tab

2. Experiment Parameters

Experiment parameter 09: Air temperature as measured by a probe attached to the boom supporting the multiband radiometer in Celsius degrees.

Experiment parameter 10: Radiant temperature as measured by a precision radiation thermometer (PRT-5) obliquely viewing the top surface of the canopy in Celsius degrees.

The test took place in 1980.

The supporting docs include a brief summary of used instruments, a wavelength table (Wavelength_ASCII.txt), reflectance note and reflectance tables (ReflectanceTable206.txt and ReflectanceTableMulti.txt), and file format description (ExperimentDataFormat3.txt). The format description file is in ASCII format in lines of 80 characters.

This research dataset is part the Field Research Data Library that consists of over 200,000 spectral observations of soils and vegetation that have been collected since 1972 till 1991 as part of the research focused on vegetation and soils at the Laboratory for Applications of Remote Sensing (LARS) located at the Purdue University.

Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Tags

Notes

Location: Purdue Agronomy Farm, West Lafayette, IN
County: Tippecanoe
Latitude/Longitude: 0402813N  / 0865927W
Illumination: Solar
Experiment Type: Crops - Soybeans, Soil
Landsat MSS Band Radiometer: Exotech 100
Wavelength Range: 0.50-1.10 um

The Purdue University Research Repository (PURR) is a university core research facility provided by the Purdue University Libraries, the Office of the Executive Vice President for Research and Partnerships, and Information Technology at Purdue (ITaP).