Two-Phase Outflows: Boundary Conditions and Algorithm

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By Suchuan Dong

Purdue University

We present an effective outflow boundary condition, and an associated numerical algorithm, within the phase field framework for dealing with two-phase outflows or open boundaries.

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Version 1.0 - published on 19 Jun 2014 doi:10.4231/R7MK69TV - cite this Archived on 25 Oct 2016

Licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported

fig2ab_obc_2phase_JCP2014.jpg

Description

We present an effective outflow boundary condition, and an associated numerical algorithm, within the phase-field framework for dealing with two-phase outflows or open boundaries. The set of two-phase outflow boundary conditions for the phase-field and flow variables are designed to prevent the un-controlled growth in the total energy of the two-phase system, even in situations where strong backflows or vortices may be present at the outflow  boundaries. We also present an additional boundary condition for the phase field function, which together with the usual Dirichlet condition can work effectively as the phase-field inflow conditions. The numerical algorithm for dealing with these boundary conditions is developed on top of a strategy for de-coupling the computations of all flow variables and for overcoming the performance bottleneck caused by variable coefficient matrices associated with variable density/viscosity. The algorithm contains special constructions, for treating the variable dynamic viscosity in the outflow boundary condition, and for preventing a numerical locking at the outflow boundaries for time-dependent problems. Extensive numerical tests  with incompressible two-phase flows involving inflow and outflow boundaries demonstrate that, the two-phase outflow boundary conditions and the numerical algorithm developed herein allow for the fluid interface and the  two-phase flow to pass through the outflow or open boundaries in a smooth and seamless fashion, and that our method produces stable  simulations when large density ratios and large viscosity ratios are involved and when strong backflows are present at the outflow boundaries.

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Data files for paper "S. Dong, An outflow boundary condition and algorithm for incompressible two-phase flows with phase field approach. Journal of Computational Physics, 266, 47-73, 2014."

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